Jesus’ Audience: The Captives

Air Date: 6/20/18


Luke 4:14-21

14 Jesus returned to Galilee in the power of the Spirit, and news about him spread through the whole countryside. 15 He was teaching in their synagogues, and everyone praised him.

16 He went to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, and on the Sabbath day he went into the synagogue, as was his custom. He stood up to read,17 and the scroll of the prophet Isaiah was handed to him. Unrolling it, he found the place where it is written:

18 “The Spirit of the Lord is on me,
    because he has anointed me
    to proclaim good news to the poor.
He has sent me to proclaim freedom for the prisoners
    and recovery of sight for the blind,
to set the oppressed free,
19     to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor.”a]”>[a]

20 Then he rolled up the scroll, gave it back to the attendant and sat down.The eyes of everyone in the synagogue were fastened on him. 21 He began by saying to them, “Today this scripture is fulfilled in your hearing.”

Teaching Points:

Teaching Points:

What captives is Jesus talking about? (v. 18) Israels’ coming Messiah is one who would release the nation from foreign captivity. Jesus not only fulfills this, but also proclaims release to those who are spiritually captive.


  • People are in spiritual & physical captivity. Sometimes people’s captivity is both spiritual and physical. It may be obvious they are being enslaved. Example: Addictions, abuse violence, imprisonment, other sins…
  • Jesus proclaimed release to the adulterous woman when He said, “I do not condemn you, either. Go. From now on sin no more” (John 8:11). He says in John 8:34, “Truly, truly, I say to you, everyone who commits sin is the slave of sin.”
  • As Romans 3:23 says, “All have sinned…” The good news is that Jesus has released us all from captivity! Galatians 5:1 “It was for freedom that Christ set us free; therefore keep standing firm and do not be subject again to a yoke of slavery.”


  • Colossians 2:8 says, “See to it that no one takes you captive through philosophy and empty deception, according to the tradition of me, according to the elementary principles of the world, rather than according to Christ.”
  • Jesus often encountered those who were held captive by their traditions, rather than by the Lord. In Mark 7:9, Jesus said to the religious, “You are experts at setting aside the commandment of God in order to keep your tradition.”
  • Jesus came to expose and break the yoke of religion and tradition so that freedom could be found in a relationship with Him. This is what we also have to offer people in Christ – the truth that we are not saved by going to church or by trying hardWe are saved by faith in Him.